Zermelo set theory definition mathematics
A set theory
with the following set of axioms
Extensionality: two sets are equal if and only if they have the same elements.
Union: If U is a set, so is the union of all its elements.
Pair-set: If a and b are sets, so is
Foundation: Every set contains a set disjoint from itself.
Comprehension (or Restriction): If P is a formula
with one free variable
and X a set then
x: x is in X and P(x).
is a set.
Infinity: There exists an infinite set
Power-set: If X is a set, so is its power set
Zermelo set theory avoids Russell's paradox
by excluding sets of elements with arbitrary properties - the Comprehension axiom only allows a property to be used to select elements of an existing set. Zermelo Fränkel set theory
adds the Replacement axiom.