zeugma

zeugma

[zoog-muh]
noun Grammar, Rhetoric.
the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace or On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.
Compare syllepsis.


Origin:
1515–25; < Greek zeûgma a yoking, equivalent to zeug(nýnai) to yoke1 + -ma noun suffix of result

zeugmatic [zoog-mat-ik] , adjective
zeugmatically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To zeugma
Collins
World English Dictionary
zeugma (ˈzjuːɡmə)
 
n
a figure of speech in which a word is used to modify or govern two or more words although appropriate to only one of them or making a different sense with each, as in the sentence Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave (Charles Dickens)
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek: a yoking, from zeugnunai to yoke]
 
zeugmatic
 
adj
 
zeug'matically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

zeugma
1580s, "a single word (usually a verb or adj.) made to refer to two or more words in a sentence," from Gk., lit. "a yoking," from zeugnynai "to yoke" (see jugular).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Related Words
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature