a town in the Negeb, or south country of Judah (Josh. 15:31), in the possession of the Philistines when David fled to Gath from Ziph with all his followers. Achish, the king, assigned him Ziklag as his place of residence. There he dwelt for over a year and four months. From this time it pertained to the kings of Judah (1 Sam. 27:6). During his absence with his army to join the Philistine expedition against the Israelites (29:11), it was destroyed by the Amalekites (30:1, 2), whom David, however, pursued and utterly routed, returning all the captives (1 Sam. 30:26-31). Two days after his return from this expedition, David received tidings of the disastrous battle of Gilboa and of the death of Saul (2 Sam. 1:1-16). He now left Ziklag and returned to Hebron, along with his two wives, Ahinoam and Abigail, and his band of 600 men. It has been identified with 'Asluj, a heap of ruins south of Beersheba. Conder, however, identifies it with Khirbet Zuheilikah, ruins found on three hills half a mile apart, some seventeen miles north-west of Beersheba, on the confines of Philistia, Judah, and Amalek.
On the offer being accepted, the little town of ziklag was allotted to them, and became their home for a year and four months.
Humbling as David's ziklag experience must have been to him, we may be sure he would not have been without it.
The request for a separate residence was therefore granted readily, and ziklag was assigned to David.
David returned to ziklag, to find ruin and desolation everywhere.
And thus ended the affairs of the plundering of ziklag, and of the slaughter of the Amalekites.
Thus some men joined David at ziklag during the time of his persecution by Saul, "in the first month."
David and his troops returned to ziklag, buoyed up by victory.
David had already lived more than a year in ziklag, when the Philistines assembled all their forces against Saul.
Hardly had he regained a firm footing in ziklag, when he heard the evil tidings of the defeat and death of Saul.
The news is received by the fugitive at ziklag in striking and characteristic fashion.