Monarchy in the Middle East, bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel to the west. Amman is its capital and largest city.
Note: Jordan is an Arab nation.
Note: King Hussein, a controversial figure in Middle Eastern affairs, ruled from 1953 until his death in 2000. Although he tried to maintain cordial relations with the West, he opposed the Egypt-Israel peace agreement of 1979, endorsed the Palestine Liberation Organization, and refused to join the alliance against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War.