Cultural Dictionary
Socrates [(sok-ruh-teez)]

An ancient Greek philosopher who was the teacher of Plato.

Note: Socrates said that an oracle of the gods had pronounced him the wisest of all people, because he knew how little he knew.
Note: The Socratic method of teaching proceeds by question and answer as opposed to lecture.
Note: When Socrates was an old man, the citizens of Athens condemned him to death, alleging that he denied the reality of the gods and corrupted the youth of Athens. Socrates calmly drank the poison he was given — hemlock — and died a noble death.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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