The first emperor of Rome; the adopted son of Julius Caesar. In his reign, from 44 b.c. to a.d. 14, Rome enjoyed peace (see Pax Romana), and the arts flourished. The time of Augustus is considered a golden age for literature in Rome.
Note: Jesus was born during Augustus's reign.
Note: The month of August is named for Augustus.
Note: A time when literature and the arts in a nation are at their height is sometimes called an “Augustan age.” The eighteenth century in England, when many excellent authors were at work, is called the Augustan Age of English literature.