shibboleth

Cultural Dictionary
shibboleth [(shib-uh-luhth, shib-uh-leth)]

In the Old Testament, shibboleth was a password used by the Israelites. It was chosen because their enemies could not pronounce it.

Note: By extension, a shibboleth is an often-repeated slogan. It also means an arbitrary test to prove membership in a group.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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