a state of society without government or law.
political and social disorder due to the absence of governmental control: The death of the king was followed by a year of anarchy. lawlessness, disruption, turmoil.
anarchism ( def 1 ).
lack of obedience to an authority; insubordination: the anarchy of his rebellious teenage years.
confusion and disorder: Intellectual and moral anarchy followed his loss of faith. It was impossible to find the book I was looking for in the anarchy of his bookshelves. chaos, disruption, turbulence; license; disorganization, disintegration.

1530–40; (< Middle French anarchie or Medieval Latin anarchia) < Greek, anarchía lawlessness, literally, lack of a leader, equivalent to ánarch(os) leaderless (an- an-1 + arch(ós) leader + -os adj. suffix) + -ia -y3

hyperanarchy, noun
proanarchy, adjective

anarchism, anarchy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
anarchy (ˈænəkɪ)
1.  general lawlessness and disorder, esp when thought to result from an absence or failure of government
2.  the absence or lack of government
3.  the absence of any guiding or uniting principle; disorder; chaos
4.  the theory or practice of political anarchism
[C16: from Medieval Latin anarchia, from Greek anarkhia, from anarkhos without a ruler, from an- + arkh- leader, from arkhein to rule]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1530s, from M.L. anarchia, from Gk. anarkhia "lack of a leader," noun of state from anarkhos "rulerless," from an- "without" + arkhos "leader" (see archon). Anarch (n.) "leader of leaderlessness," a deliciously paradoxical word, was used by Milton, Pope, Byron. Anarcho-syndicalism
is first recorded 1913.
"Either the State for ever, crushing individual and local life, taking over in all fields of human activity, bringing with it its wars and its domestic struggles for power, its palace revolutions which only replace one tyrant by another, and inevitably at the end of this development there is ... death! Or the destruction of States, and new life starting again in thousands of centers on the principle of the lively initiative of the individual and groups and that of free agreement. The choice lies with you!" [Prince Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
If we are not frightened of such anarchy, we do not need the controlling
The Internet may be the most successful example of anarchy ever known.
You can call this anarchy or civil disobedience, depending on whose side you're
This, in and of itself, would spawn regional warfare and promote anarchy.
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