[bag-dad, buhg-dad]
a city in and the capital of Iraq, in the central part, on the Tigris.
Also, Bagdad. Unabridged


[ih-rak, ih-rahk]
a republic in SW Asia, N of Saudi Arabia and W of Iran, centering in the Tigris-Euphrates basin of Mesopotamia. 172,000 sq. mi. (445,480 sq. km). Capital: Baghdad.
Also, Irak.

pro-Iraq, adjective
trans-Iraq, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Baghdad or Bagdad (bæɡˈdæd)
the capital of Iraq, on the River Tigris: capital of the Abbasid Caliphate (762--1258). Pop: 5 910 000 (2005 est)
Bagdad or Bagdad

Iraq (ɪˈrɑːk)
a republic in SW Asia, on the Persian Gulf: coextensive with ancient Mesopotamia; became a British mandate in 1920, independent in 1932, and a republic in 1958. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (1990) led to their defeat in the first Gulf War (1991) by US-led UN forces. The second Gulf War (2003) took place when Iraq was invaded by a coalition of US, UK and other forces; government elected in 2005, although there is continuing violence and resistance to the coalition presence. Iraq consists chiefly of the mountains of Kurdistan in the northeast, part of the Syrian Desert, and the lower basin of the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Oil is the major export. Official language: Arabic; Kurdish is official in the Kurdish Autonomous Region only. Official religion: Muslim. Currency: dinar. Capital: Baghdad. Pop: 25 856 000 (2004 est). Area: 438 446 sq km (169 284 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

a pre-Islamic name apparently of Indo-European origin and probably meaning "gift of god," with the first element related to Rus. bog "god" and the second to Eng. donor. Marco Polo (13c.) wrote it Baudac.

country name (1920) is from Arabic name attested since 6c. for the region known in Gk. as Mesopotamia; often said to be from Arabic `araqa, covering notions such as "perspiring, deeply rooted, well-watered," which may reflect the impression the lush river-land made on
desert Arabs. But the name may be from, or infl. by, Sumerian Uruk (Biblical Erech), the ancient prominent city in what is now southern Iraq (from Sumerian uru "city").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Baghdad definition

Capital of Iraq, located in central Iraq on both banks of the Tigris River.

Note: Baghdad has long been one of the great cities of the Muslim world.
Note: It was bombed heavily during the Persian Gulf War.
Iraq [(i-rak, i-rahk)]

Republic in the Middle East, bordered by the Persian Gulf, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia to the south; Jordan and Syria to the west; Turkey to the north; and Iran to the east. Its capital and largest city is Baghdad.

Note: The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia emerged in the valley between the Euphrates River and Tigris River in what is now Iraq.
Note: Ruled by Saddam Hussein, a dictator who invaded Iran in 1980 and Kuwait in 1990. (See also Persian Gulf War.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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