training to act in accordance with rules; drill: military discipline.
activity, exercise, or a regimen that develops or improves a skill; training: A daily stint at the typewriter is excellent discipline for a writer.
punishment inflicted by way of correction and training.
the rigor or training effect of experience, adversity, etc.: the harsh discipline of poverty.
behavior in accord with rules of conduct; behavior and order maintained by training and control: good discipline in an army.
a set or system of rules and regulations.
Ecclesiastical. the system of government regulating the practice of a church as distinguished from its doctrine.
an instrument of punishment, especially a whip or scourge, used in the practice of self-mortification or as an instrument of chastisement in certain religious communities.
a branch of instruction or learning: the disciplines of history and economics.
verb (used with object), disciplined, disciplining.
to train by instruction and exercise; drill.
to bring to a state of order and obedience by training and control.
to punish or penalize in order to train and control; correct; chastise.

1175–1225; Middle English < Anglo-French < Latin disciplīna instruction, tuition, equivalent to discipul(us) disciple + -ina -ine2

disciplinal [dis-uh-pluh-nl, -plin-l, dis-uh-plahyn-l] , adjective
discipliner, noun
multidiscipline, noun
nondisciplining, adjective
overdiscipline, verb, overdisciplined, overdisciplining.
prediscipline, noun, verb (used with object), predisciplined, predisciplining.
rediscipline, verb (used with object), redisciplined, redisciplining.
subdiscipline, noun

3. chastisement, castigation. 12. See punish.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
discipline (ˈdɪsɪplɪn)
1.  training or conditions imposed for the improvement of physical powers, self-control, etc
2.  systematic training in obedience to regulations and authority
3.  the state of improved behaviour, etc, resulting from such training or conditions
4.  punishment or chastisement
5.  a system of rules for behaviour, methods of practice, etc
6.  a branch of learning or instruction
7.  the laws governing members of a Church
8.  a scourge of knotted cords
9.  to improve or attempt to improve the behaviour, orderliness, etc, of by training, conditions, or rules
10.  to punish or correct
[C13: from Latin disciplīna teaching, from discipulusdisciple]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 13c., from O.Fr. descepline, from L. disciplina "instruction given to a disciple," from discipulus (see disciple). Sense of "treatment that corrects or punishes" is from notion of "order necessary for instruction." The Latin word is glossed in O.E. by þeodscipe.
Meaning "branch of instruction or education" is first recorded late 14c. Meaning "military training" is from late 15c.; that of "orderly conduct as a result of training" is from c.1500. The verb is attested from c.1300. Related: Disciplined; disciplines.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Holding it when you've got to pee takes self-control, and that discipline can
  spread to other parts of your brain.
Every scientific discipline has its defining challenges, the ones that mark the
  field's outer limits.
The authors point out that discipline involves teaching (not punishment),
  providing boundaries that all kids require.
We humans like to think that we have much more self-discipline than other
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