|1.||a plural of medium|
|2.||the means of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as television, newspapers, and radio|
|3.||of or relating to the mass media: media hype|
|usage When media refers to the mass media, it is sometimes treated as a singular form, as in: the media has shown great interest in these events. Many people think this use is incorrect and that media should always be treated as a plural form: the media have shown great interest in these events|
|—n , pl -diae|
|1.||the middle layer of the wall of a blood or lymph vessel|
|2.||one of the main veins in the wing of an insect|
|a. a consonant whose articulation lies midway between that of a voiced and breathed speech sound|
|b. a consonant pronounced with weak voice, as c in French second|
|[C19: from Latin medius middle]|
|1.||midway between extremes; average: a medium size|
|2.||light Compare dark (of a colour) reflecting or transmitting a moderate amount of light: a medium red|
|—n , -dia, -diums|
|3.||an intermediate or middle state, degree, or condition; mean: the happy medium|
|4.||an intervening substance or agency for transmitting or producing an effect; vehicle: air is a medium for sound|
|5.||a means or agency for communicating or diffusing information, news, etc, to the public: television is a powerful medium|
|6.||a person supposedly used as a spiritual intermediary between the dead and the living|
|7.||the substance in which specimens of animals and plants are preserved or displayed|
|8.||biology short for culture medium|
|9.||the substance or surroundings in which an organism naturally lives or grows|
|a. the category of a work of art, as determined by its materials and methods of production: the medium of wood engraving|
|b. the materials used in a work of art|
|11.||any solvent in which pigments are mixed and thinned|
|12.||any one of various sizes of writing or printing paper, esp 18½ by 23½ inches or 17½ by 22 inches (small medium)|
media me·di·a1 (mē'dē-ə)
A plural of medium.
The tunica media.
medium me·di·um (mē'dē-əm)
n. pl. me·di·ums or me·di·a (-dē-ə)
Something, such as an intermediate course of action, that occupies a position or represents a condition midway between extremes.
An intervening substance through which something else is transmitted or carried on.
An agency by which something is accomplished, conveyed, or transferred.
The substance, often nutritive, in which a specific organism lives and thrives.
A culture medium.
A filtering substance, such as filter paper.
|medium (mē'dē-əm) Pronunciation Key
Heb. Madai, which is rendered in the Authorized Version (1) "Madai," Gen. 10:2; (2) "Medes," 2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; (3) "Media," Esther 1:3; 10:2; Isa. 21:2; Dan. 8:20; (4) "Mede," only in Dan. 11:1. We first hear of this people in the Assyrian cuneiform records, under the name of Amada, about B.C. 840. They appear to have been a branch of the Aryans, who came from the east bank of the Indus, and were probably the predominant race for a while in the Mesopotamian valley. They consisted for three or four centuries of a number of tribes, each ruled by its own chief, who at length were brought under the Assyrian yoke (2 Kings 17:6). From this subjection they achieved deliverance, and formed themselves into an empire under Cyaxares (B.C. 633). This monarch entered into an alliance with the king of Babylon, and invaded Assyria, capturing and destroying the city of Nineveh (B.C. 625), thus putting an end to the Assyrian monarchy (Nah. 1:8; 2:5,6; 3:13, 14). Media now rose to a place of great power, vastly extending its boundaries. But it did not long exist as an independent kingdom. It rose with Cyaxares, its first king, and it passed away with him; for during the reign of his son and successor Astyages, the Persians waged war against the Medes and conquered them, the two nations being united under one monarch, Cyrus the Persian (B.C. 558). The "cities of the Medes" are first mentioned in connection with the deportation of the Israelites on the destruction of Samaria (2 Kings 17:6; 18:11). Soon afterwards Isaiah (13:17; 21:2) speaks of the part taken by the Medes in the destruction of Babylon (comp. Jer. 51:11, 28). Daniel gives an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who was made viceroy by Cyrus (Dan. 6:1-28). The decree of Cyrus, Ezra informs us (6:2-5), was found in "the palace that is in the province of the Medes," Achmetha or Ecbatana of the Greeks, which is the only Median city mentioned in Scripture.