[trans-leyt, tranz-, trans-leyt, tranz-]
verb (used with object), translated, translating.
to turn from one language into another or from a foreign language into one's own: to translate Spanish.
to change the form, condition, nature, etc., of; transform; convert: to translate wishes into deeds.
to explain in terms that can be more easily understood; interpret.
to bear, carry, or move from one place, position, etc., to another; transfer.
Mechanics. to cause (a body) to move without rotation or angular displacement; subject to translation.
Computers. to convert (a program, data, code, etc.) from one form to another: to translate a FORTRAN program into assembly language.
Telegraphy. to retransmit or forward (a message), as by a relay.
to move (a bishop) from one see to another.
to move (a see) from one place to another.
to move (relics) from one place to another.
to convey or remove to heaven without natural death.
Mathematics. to perform a translation on (a set, function, etc.).
to express the value of (a currency) in a foreign currency by applying the exchange rate.
to exalt in spiritual or emotional ecstasy; enrapture.
verb (used without object), translated, translating.
to provide or make a translation; act as translator.
to admit of translation: The Greek expression does not translate easily into English.

1250–1300; Middle English translaten < Latin trānslātus (past participle of trānsferre to transfer), equivalent to trāns- trans- + -lātus (suppletive past participle of ferre to bear1), earlier *tlātus, equivalent to *tlā- bear (akin to thole2) + -tus past participle suffix

translatable, adjective
translatability, translatableness, noun
half-translated, adjective
intertranslatable, adjective
pretranslate, verb (used with object), pretranslated, pretranslating.
retranslate, verb (used with object), retranslated, retranslating.
untranslatability, noun
untranslatable, adjective
untranslated, adjective
well-translated, adjective

translate, transliterate. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
translate (trænsˈleɪt, trænz-)
1.  to express or be capable of being expressed in another language or dialect: he translated Shakespeare into Afrikaans; his books translate well
2.  (intr) to act as translator
3.  (tr) to express or explain in simple or less technical language
4.  (tr) to interpret or infer the significance of (gestures, symbols, etc)
5.  (tr) to transform or convert: to translate hope into reality
6.  (tr; usually passive) biochem See also transcribe to transform the molecular structure of (messenger RNA) into a polypeptide chain by means of the information stored in the genetic code
7.  to move or carry from one place or position to another
8.  (tr)
 a.  to transfer (a cleric) from one ecclesiastical office to another
 b.  to transfer (a see) from one place to another
9.  (tr) RC Church to transfer (the body or the relics of a saint) from one resting place to another
10.  (tr) theol to transfer (a person) from one place or plane of existence to another, as from earth to heaven
11.  maths, physics to move (a figure or body) laterally, without rotation, dilation, or angular displacement
12.  (intr) (of an aircraft, missile, etc) to fly or move from one position to another
13.  archaic (tr) to bring to a state of spiritual or emotional ecstasy
[C13: from Latin translātus transferred, carried over, from transferre to transfer]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1300, "to remove from one place to another," also "to turn from one language to another," from L. translatus "carried over," serving as pp. of transferre "to bring over, carry over" (see transfer), from trans- + latus "borne, carried," from *tlatos, from PIE base *tel-,
*tol- "to bear, carry" (see extol). A similar notion is behind the O.E. word it replaced, awendan, from wendan "to turn, direct" (see wend). Translation "work turned from one language to another" is attested from c.1340.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

translate trans·late (trāns-lāt', trānz-, trāns'lāt', trānz'-)
v. trans·lat·ed, trans·lat·ing, trans·lates

  1. To render in another language.

  2. To put into simpler terms; explain or interpret.

  3. To subject mRNA to translation.

trans·lat'a·bil'i·ty or trans·lat'a·ble·ness n.
trans·lat'a·ble adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
But the point isn't to change the facts, the point is to translate them into a language people will understand.
Those habits don't necessarily translate to lower health costs, though.
Equally troublesome, research findings at the edge of the field don't always
  translate easily into pedagogical practice.
But which poets happen to translate well is unpredictable.
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