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What is the difference between roast and bake?

Bake is the term used for cooking foods such as bread, potatoes, apples, etc. in dry heat in an oven, and roast refers to cooking meat in an oven or before a fire. However, the terms are actually used quite interchangeably. Both roasting and baking are basically surrounding food with hot, dry air - but our usage of the terms is slightly different. When we think roasting we think of meats and other items that would go into a roasting pan; when we think baking we think baked goods, and the method that produces them. Bake is dated to c. 1000 and roast to the 13th century.

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