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What is the difference between chili and chile?

Chili and chile are both the pungent fruit of the capsicum, also called chile pepper or chili pepper. But chili is a shortening of chili con carne, a ground beef dish that incorporates chili powder or chili peppers and was first noted in 1857. And Chile, capitalized, is a country. We do not actually use the original English form, though, which was chilli or chilly (which are used in British English) - but now use the Spanish words. Chiles are reduced to powder to make cayenne pepper.

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