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What is the predicate? Is it everything after the subject?
In grammar, the predicate is the statement made about a subject. The grammatical predicate is either a simple verb, or a verb with its complement or object. So, the predicate is the part of a sentence or clause that expresses what is said of the subject and that usually consists of a verb with or without objects, complements, or adverbial modifiers. The predicate ascribes a property to the subject. The predicates are underlined here: She wrote a book. The book is on the table. Art can be controversial. The earth trembled. So, in the simplest pattern, the predicate consists only of the verb. There are five patterns of predicates: 1) The earth trembled - verbs in this pattern do not require following words to complete their meaning and thus are called intransitive (from Latin meaning 'not passing over'). 2) The earthquake destroyed the city - the predicate consists of a verb followed by a noun that identifies who or what receives the action of the verb. This noun is a direct object. Verbs that require direct objects to complete their meaning are called transitive (from Latin meaning 'passing over'), i.e., the verb transfers the action from subject to object. 3) The result was chaos - the predicate consists of a verb followed by a single noun, but the noun renames or describes the subject. The verb is a linking verb, connecting the subject and the description. The word that describes the subject is called a subject complement (it complements, or completes, the subject). 4) I gave the museum money - the predicate is a verb followed by two nouns. The second noun is a direct object, identifying what was given. The first noun is an indirect object, identifying to or for whom the action of the verb is performed. The direct and indirect objects refer to different things. 5) The newspapers declared him the winner - the predicate again is a verb followed by two nouns but in this pattern the first noun is a direct object and the second noun renames or describes it. The second noun is an object complement; it renames or describes the direct object.