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What is an intransitive verb?

An intransitive verb is a verb or verb construction that does not require or cannot take a direct object, e.g., run, sleep. Here's an intransitive verb in action: She ran for the Olympic gold medal. The action ends rather than being transferred to some person or object, or is modified by an adverb or adverb phrase. Typically, an adverb or prepositional phrase modifies an intransitive verb or the intransitive verb ends the sentence. A transitive verb, however, takes a direct object, for example: She makes the best apple pie I've ever tasted. Note that certain verbs, such as "run," have transitive and intransitive senses. Thus you could say: He runs the local produce shop. To determine whether a verb is intransitive ask whether the action is done in some way, in some direction, or to some degree.

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