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What are the common suffixes of English and what do they mean?

-able, -ible, -ile* (form adjectives) able to, fit to, worthy, capable; apt to; subject to being ~-ed
-ac* one affected with ~
-ac, -al, -ane, -ar, -ary, -ch, -ese, -ic, -ical, -id, -ile, -ine, -ish, -ory* like, of, pertaining to; characterized by
-aceae* families of plants
-aceous, -ous* resemblance to a substance; full of
-acy, -age, -ance, -ancy, -asm, -dom, -ence, -ency, -hood, -ism, -ity, -ment, -mony, -ness, -ry, -ship, -th, -tude, -ty, -ure, -y* (form nouns) state, condition, quality of being; result
-acy, -ate, -dom, -ric, -ship* (form nouns) rank, office, jurisdiction, dominion
-ade* product; action
-age* place of; house
-age* rate of; charge
-age, -ion, -sion, -tion, -ment, -ure* (form nouns) act of; thing done, process
-age, -ry* (form nouns) persons or things collectively; measure of; collection of ~
-al* action or result of; process
-algia* pain
-an, -ant, -ar, -ard, -art, -ary, -aster, -ate, -ean, -ee, -eer, -ent, -er, -ic, -iff, -ist, -ite, -ive, -or, -ster, -yte* (form nouns) one who acts, one who is ~
-an, -ean, -ian* adherent to; citizen of; language of; relating to, characteristic of ~
-ana, -iana* collection
-ance, -ancy* state, quality of being; action, process; degree
-androus* man
-ant, -ent* (form adjectives) being, belonging to; performing
-archy* government
-ary* related, connected to ~
-ary, -ery, -ory, -ry* (form nouns) place where, place which
-ary, -ice, -ment, -mony, -ory* (form nouns) thing which
-ate* salt, ester for acid (substitute for -ic)
-ate, -en, -fy, -ish, -ise, -ize* (form verbs) to make; to put; to take; cause
-ate, -ful, -lent, -ose, -ous, -some, -y* (form adjectives) full of, abundant; having ~
-ation* process, action; state of ~
-ative* related, connected to; tending ~
-biosis* life
-blast* bud, germ, cell
-carpous* fruit
-cele* hollow, tumor
-celli, -cello* little
-cephalic, -cephalous* head
-chrome* color, colored
-cide, -cidal* kill, killing
-cle, -cule, -el, -en, -et, -ie, -kin, -le, -let, -ling, -ock, -ot, -ule, -y* (form nouns) little, diminutive
-coccus* berry-shaped
-coele, -coel* cavity
-cracy/-ocracy, -crat/-ocrat* government, rule; ruler
-dendron* tree
-derm, -derma, -dermo* skin, covering
-dom* domain, office, jurisdiction
-drome* large place; racing place
-dromous* running
-eae* names of sub-orders in botany
-ed* (forms adjectives from nouns) having
-ed* past, past participle of regular verbs
-ee* one who is object of the verb
-ee* small kind of ~; something suggestive of a ~
-eer* one skilled, engaged in
-emia, -aemia, -hemia, -haemia* blood
-en* (forms verbs) to cause to, to become, to make
-en* (forms adjectives) made of; belonging to -en* plural form of some nouns
-en, -n, -ne* past participle of some irregular verbs
-ene* belonging to; carbon
-er* a little; often
-er* comparative form of adjective
-er* having as characteristic
-er* the thing contained; inhabitant of, native
-er, -or* producer, agent; one that is
-erel* little
-erly, -ward, -wards* (form adverbs) direction
-ern* (forms adjectives) direction
-ery, -ry* condition or behavior of; location of; aggregate
-escent (forms adjectives), -escence* (forms nouns) growing, becoming; incipient state, beginning
-escent* reflecting light
-ese* member, native, style, language of
-ese* originating in ~
-esque* (forms adjectives) belonging to; like, having the properties, manner of ~
-ess* noun of female sex
-est* superlative form of adjective; second person singular present of some irregular verbs
-eth* third person singular of some irregular verbs
-ette* compact; imitation; feminine
-fid* split
-fuge, fugal* making flee, run away from
-ful* holding all it can, full of; amount that fills
-ful* providing ~; characterized by; tending to
-gamy* marriage; possession
-gen, -genous, -geny, -gony* bearing, producing, giving birth; producer
-gnomy, -gnosis* knowledge
-gon* angled
-gonium* seed
-grade* walking
-gram, -graph, -graphy* writing; record
-hedral, -hedron* side, many-sided
-hood* period of a condition, state; membership
-ia* things belonging to; territory
-ia, -iasis* disease
-ia, -ious* class, order or genus of plants and animals
-iatrics, -iatry* medical treatment
-ic* acid containing most oxygen
-ic* having the properties of, related, in the manner of; using ~; affected with ~
-ic* one having the nature of; producer
-ics, -ism, -ry, -ure* thing relating to a system, practice, art, science; peculiarity, characteristic(s)
-idae, -adae, -ides* descendent
-ide, -ides (plural)* chemical combination
-idean, -ides, -eides, -oides* (preceded by o) resemblance, likeness to
-ify, -fy* (form verbs) to make ~; make similar to
-ine* chemical compound
-ine* female
-ine* made of
-ing* imperative ending of regular verbs
-ing* something made of such material; activity, process; noun referring to verb
-ior* more
-ique* belonging to ~
-ish* person of, language of ~
-ish, -like, -ly* (form adjectives) somewhat like, becoming; relating to
-isk* little
-ism* practice of; doctrine of, theory; act, process; state, condition
-ist* skilled in, specialist; practicing ~, believer
-ite* acid
-ite* body part
-ite* one who; adherent, member, inhabitant; that which; product
-ite* stone, mineral
-itious* having the characteristic of ~
-itis* inflammation of an organ, disease; excessive enthusiasm
-ity* state, condition, quality of being; degree
-ive* able to do, capable; doing, tending
-ix* female
-ization* action, result of making ~
-ize, -ise* (form verbs) to make ~, to subject to ~; cause to be, be like; become, adopt manner
-kin* little; son of
-kind* kind; race
-kinesis* division; movement
-le* often (verb), little (noun)
-lepsy* seizure, fit
-less* without, deprived; unable
-let* small, unimportant; thing worn on ~
-like* like, resembling ~
-ling* minor, offspring, one having quality of ~
-lite, -lith* stone, mineral
-logy* science of, study of, theory; list
-ly* in a manner of, having the qualities of, like; to a degree
-ly* recurring regularly
-lysis, -lyte* dissolving; disintegration
-machy* battle, fight
-mancy, -mantic* foretelling
-mania, -maniac* craving
-mere, -merous* part
-meter, -metry* measure; instrument
-morphic, -morphous* shape of ~
-most* superlative form of adjective
-mycete* fungus
-nomy* science of, law of
-odont* tooth of ~
-odynia* pain
-oecium, -oecious* flowers' stamens and pistils in botany
-oid* like, resembling
-oid* likeness, resemblance
-oma* tumor
-on* unit, particle*
-on, -one, -oon* (form nouns) large
-opia* eye, sight condition
-opsia* sight
-opsis* appearance; thing resembling ~
-ous* acid compound with less oxygen (than acids ending with -ic)
-ous, -ious* having the properties of; full of
-pathy* suffering, disease; type of medical treatment
-pennale* wing
-phage, -phagous, -phagia, -phagy* eating, eater
-phany* manifestation
-phobe* one fearing ~
-phobia* fear of ~
-phobic* fearing; lacking affinity for
-phone, -phony* sound, transmitting sound
-phonia* speech disorder
-phyllous* leafed, leaflike
-phyte* plant; diseased growth
-plasia, -plasy, -plasis* growth, formation
-plasm* formed matter
-plast* cell
-plegia* paralysis
-plerous* wing
-red* state, condition; those who
-rrhagia, -rrhagic, -rrhea* flow
-saur* lizard
-scope, -scopy* observation; observing instrument
-se* to make
-sect, -section* cut, divide; divided
-ship* state or condition of; rank, position; skill; group participating in ~
-soma, -some* body
-sophy* wisdom, knowledge
-sperm, -spermous* seed
-ster* one who is involved in; one that is ~
-stichous* row
-stome, -stomous* mouth
-stress* female
-taxis, -taxy* order
-teen* ten, to be added to
-th* state, condition; act, process
-tomy* cutting; section
-trophy* feed, nutrition
-tropic* changing; attracted to ~
-tropous, -tropy* turning, turned, curving
-ty* quality, degree; condition
-ty* ten, to be multiplied by
-vorous* eating
-ward, -wards* in the direction of
-ways, -wise* in the manner of, in the direction of; way of being or acting
-y* somewhat like, rather, characterized by, tending
-y* state, condition; activity; group
-y, -ey* full of ~

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