probability

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
(statistics) a theorem describing how the conditional probability of a set of possible causes for a given observed event can be computed from knowledge of the probability of each cause and the conditional probability of the outcome of each cause Bayes' theorem
theoretical distribution of the number of successes in a finite set of independent trials with a constant probability of success Bernoulli distribution , binomial distribution
French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662) Blaise Pascal , Pascal
evaluation by a rating company of the probability that a particular bond issue will default bond rating
proceeded with after judging the probability of success or failure calculated
probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred conditional probability , contingent probability
entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alone conformational entropy
(physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns cross section
attribute of stochastic systems; generally, a system that tends in probability to a limiting form that is independent of the initial conditions ergodicity
(geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time exceedance
quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum or probability or truth extravagance , extravagancy
reasonable probability of success fair chance , sporting chance
French mathematician who founded number theory; contributed (with Pascal) to the theory of probability (1601-1665) Fermat , Pierre de Fermat
commonsense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem heuristic , heuristic program , heuristic rule
probability of two events occurring together joint probability
French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827) Laplace , Marquis de Laplace , Pierre Simon de Laplace
probability of a specified outcome likelihood , likeliness
actuarial table indicating life expectancy and probability of death as a function or age and sex and occupation etc mortality table
expressing duty, shortcoming, or probability ought
theoretical distribution that is a good approximation to the binomial distribution when the probability is small and the number of trials is large Poisson distribution
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