Minerals

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1-20 of 20 possibilities

Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
stony meteorite consisting of silicate minerals aerolite
one of the three prairie provinces in western Canada; rich in oil and natural gas and minerals Alberta
group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum amphibole group
metamorphism that occurs deep under the earth's surface; changes simple minerals into complex minerals anamorphism
fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye aphanite
abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions) atomic number 16 , S , sulfur , sulphur
soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite atomic number 23 , V , vanadium
hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals atomic number 25 , manganese , Mn
ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor atomic number 29 , copper , Cu
soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals atomic number 3 , Li , lithium
silvery metallic element that is common in rare-earth minerals; used in magnesium and aluminum alloys atomic number 39 , Y , yttrium
white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth atomic number 57 , La , lanthanum
grey tetravalent metallic element that resembles zirconium chemically and is found in zirconium minerals; used in filaments for its ready emission of electrons atomic number 72 , hafnium , Hf
translucent quartz spangled with bits of mica or other minerals aventurine , sunstone
artifact made of hard brittle material produced from nonmetallic minerals by firing at high temperatures ceramic
group of minerals of the zeolite family consisting of a hydrous silicate of calcium and aluminum chabasite , chabazite
fine usually white clay formed by the weathering of aluminous minerals (as feldspar); used in ceramics and as an absorbent and as a filler (e.g., in paper) china clay , china stone , kaolin , kaoline , porcelain clay , terra alba
grey volcanic rock containing plagioclase and quartz and other crystalline minerals dacite
removal of minerals and mineral salts from a liquid (especially from water) demineralisation , demineralization
searching for underground water or minerals by using a dowsing rod dowse , dowsing , rhabdomancy
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