Sanskrit

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
(Sanskrit) god of fire in ancient and traditional India; one of the three chief deities of the Vedas Agni
verb tense in some languages (classical Greek and Sanskrit) expressing action (especially past action) without indicating its completion or continuation aorist
(literally `possessing horses' in Sanskrit) in Hinduism the twin chariot warriors conveying Surya Asvins
(Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda Ayurveda
(Hinduism) the sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life Bhagavad-Gita , Bhagavadgita , Gita
(from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma Darsana
syllabic script used in writing Sanskrit and Hindi Devanagari , Devanagari script , Nagari , Nagari script
British philologist (born in Germany) who specialized in Sanskrit (1823-1900) Friedrich Max Muller , Max Muller , Muller
(Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law Kamasutra
(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families Mahabharata , Mahabharatam , Mahabharatum
(Sanskrit) literally a `sacred utterance' in Vedism; one of a collection of orally transmitted poetic hymns mantra
(from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads Mimamsa
mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs optative , optative mood
ancient Prakrit language (derived from Sanskrit) that is the scriptural and liturgical language of Theravada Buddhism Pali
Indian grammarian whose grammatical rules for Sanskrit are the first known example of descriptive linguistics (circa 400 BC) Panini
any of the vernacular Indic languages of north and central India (as distinguished from Sanskrit) recorded from the 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD Prakrit
Hindu literature written in Sanskrit Sanskrit literature
rule or aphorism in Sanskrit literature or a group of aphoristic doctrinal summaries prepared for memorization sutra
(from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads Veda , Vedic literature
(from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas Vedanta
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