adrenal

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex ACTH , adrenocorticotrophic hormone , adrenocorticotrophin , adrenocorticotropic hormone , adrenocorticotropin , corticotrophin , corticotropin
glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin Addison's disease , Addison's syndrome , hypoadrenalism , hypoadrenocorticism
cortex of the adrenal gland; secretes corticosterone and sex hormones adrenal cortex
steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response adrenal cortical steroid , corticoid , corticosteroid
medulla of the adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine adrenal medulla
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands adrenalectomy , suprarenalectomy
catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action Adrenalin , adrenaline , epinephrin , epinephrine
increase in activity of the adrenal glands just before puberty adrenarche
steroid having androgenic activity; obtained from the cortex of the adrenal gland adrenosterone
corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance aldosterone
artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters arteria renalis , renal artery
any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland catecholamine
disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone Conn's syndrome
adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism Cortef , cortisol , hydrocortisone , Hydrocortone
secreted by the adrenal cortex; involved in regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body corticosterone
corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone cortisone , Cortone Acetate
glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity Cushing's disease , hyperadrenalism
steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity glucocorticoid
abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics hypokalemia
abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction) masculinisation , masculinization , virilisation , virilization
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