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acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord acute anterior poliomyelitis , infantile paralysis , polio , poliomyelitis
any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection) acute brain disorder , acute organic brain syndrome
any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant affective disorder , emotional disorder , emotional disturbance , major affective disorder
nerves carrying impulses to brain or spinal cord afferent
neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord afferent neuron , sensory neuron
loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion agraphia , anorthography , logagraphia
partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain amaurosis
either of two communicating veins serving the brain anastomotic vein , vena anastomotica
defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres anencephalia , anencephaly
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion aphasia
sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain apoplexy , cerebrovascular accident , CVA , stroke
deformity in which part of the brain protrudes through the skull Arnold-Chiari deformity
any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis arteria communicans , communicating artery
any of three arteries supplying the meninges of the brain and neighboring structures arteria meningea , meningeal artery
aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard associative aphasia , conduction aphasia
part of the brain (in a fold of the cerebral cortex of the temporal lobe on both sides of the brain) that receives impulses from the ear by way of the auditory nerve auditory center
extension upward of the toes when the sole of the foot is stroked firmly on the outer side from the heel to the front; normal in infants under the age of two years but a sign of brain or spinal cord injury in older persons Babinski , Babinski reflex , Babinski sign
mechanism that creates a barrier between brain tissues and circulating blood; serves to protect the central nervous system blood-brain barrier
brain of certain animals used as meat brain
nerve cell in the brain brain cell
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