Definition/Meaning | Word/Phrase |
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calculated use of violence (or threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature; this is done through intimidation or coercion or instilling fear | act of terrorism , terrorism , terrorist act |

fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained | base , basis , cornerstone , foundation , fundament , groundwork |

British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810) | Cavendish , Henry Cavendish |

correlation coefficient calculated between scores on two halves of a test; taken as an indication of the reliability of the test | chance-half correlation , split-half correlation |

interest calculated on both the principal and the accrued interest | compound interest |

entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alone | conformational entropy |

reduction in the gross amount on which a tax is calculated; reduces taxes by the percentage fixed for the taxpayer's income bracket | deduction , tax deduction , tax write-off |

circuit designed to introduce a calculated delay into the transmission of a signal | delay line |

attack calculated to draw enemy defense away from the point of the principal attack | diversion , diversionary attack |

(baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched | earned run average , ERA |

measure of a student's academic achievement at a college or university; calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the total number attempted | GPA , grade point average |

rate of change of prices (as indicated by a price index) calculated on a monthly or annual basis | inflation rate , rate of inflation |

expected time to live as calculated on the basis of statistical probabilities | life expectancy |

deliberate actions of calculated psychological manipulation intended to intimidate or confuse (usually for competitive advantage) | mind game |

arithmetic operation in which the difference between two numbers is calculated | minus , subtraction |

unrealized loss on an investment calculated by subtracting the current market price from the investor's cost | paper loss |

unrealized gain on an investment calculated by subtracting the investor's cost from the current market price | paper profit |

someone who behaves in a manner calculated to impress or mislead others | posturer |

original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated | principal |

person who disseminates messages calculated to assist some cause or some government | propagandist |

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