carbohydrates

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
biochemical indicator of the presence of carbohydrates in a solution; if carbohydrates are present a violet ring is formed by reaction with alpha-naphthol in the presence of sulfuric acid alpha-naphthol test , Molisch's test , Molisch reaction , Molisch test
coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids coenzyme A
any of a variety of carbohydrates that yield two monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis disaccharide
lactic acid bacteria and important pathogens; bacteria that ferment carbohydrates chiefly into lactic acid family Lactobacillaceae , family Lactobacteriaceae , Lactobacillaceae , Lactobacteriaceae
family of fungi comprising the typical yeasts: reproduce by budding and ferment carbohydrates family Saccharomycetaceae , Saccharomycetaceae
single-celled yeasts that reproduce asexually by budding; used to ferment carbohydrates genus Saccharomyces , Saccharomyces
test of the body's ability to metabolize carbohydrates; used in the diagnosis of hypoglycemia and diabetes mellitus glucose tolerance test
metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP glycolysis
English biochemist who was a pioneer in research on carbohydrates; when he synthesized vitamin C he became the first person to synthesize a vitamin artificially (1883-1950) Haworth , Sir Walter Norman Haworth
protein used to metabolize carbohydrates insulin
hormone that regulates metabolism of carbohydrates and fats insulin
severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein kwashiorkor
complex polymer; the chief constituent of wood other than carbohydrates; binds to cellulose fibers to harden and strengthen cell walls of plants lignin
oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates) lipid , lipide , lipoid
diet containing limited amounts of fat and stressing foods high in carbohydrates; used in treatment of some gallbladder conditions low-fat diet
sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates monosaccharide , monosaccharose , simple sugar
any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis oligosaccharide
acid formed by oxidation of maleic acid (as in metabolism of fats and carbohydrates) oxalacetic acid , oxaloacetic acid
vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids; occurs in many foods pantothen , pantothenic acid
any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams pectin
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