carbon

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
state in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal; can result from deep or rapid breathing acapnia , hypocapnia
powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons activated carbon , activated charcoal
very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem adamant , diamond
toxic mixture of gases (including carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide and nitrogen) after an explosion of firedamp in a mine afterdamp
gas made of carbon monoxide and hydrogen and nitrogen; made by passing air over hot coke air gas , producer gas
lung sac where exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place air sac , alveolus
monosaccharide sugar having six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group aldohexose
steel who characteristics are determined by the addition of other elements in addition to carbon alloy steel
polyunsaturated fatty acid with 18 carbon atoms; the only omega-3 fatty acid found in vegetable products; it is most abundant in canola oil; a fatty acid essential for nutrition alpha-linolenic acid
measurement of the pH level and the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in arterial blood; important in diagnosis of many respiratory diseases arterial blood gases
condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas asphyxia
radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding curium with carbon ions; 7 isotopes are known atomic number 102 , No , nobelium
abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds atomic number 6 , C , carbon
(chemistry) the ratio of the atomic mass of an element to half the atomic mass of carbon atomic weight , relative atomic mass
solid solution of ferric carbide or carbon in iron; cools to form pearlite or martensite austenite
process for producing permanent prints in a carbon pigment autotype , autotypy
closed chain of 6 carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached benzene formula , benzene nucleus , benzene ring , Kekule formula
industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost Bessemer process
British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799) Black , Joseph Black
atmosphere in a mine following an explosion; high in carbon dioxide and incapable of supporting life blackdamp , chokedamp
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