colon

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the ascending colon arteria ascendens , ascending artery
arteries that supply blood to the colon arteria colica , colic artery
artery that originates from the superior mesenteric artery and supplies the terminal part of the ileum and the cecum and the vermiform appendix and the ascending colon arteria ileocolica , ileocolic artery
part of the large intestine that ascends from the cecum to the transverse colon ascending colon
part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and to the colon and covering the intestines caul , gastrocolic omentum , greater omentum
inflammation of the colon colitis , inflammatory bowel disease
malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools colon cancer
water enema given to flush out the colon colonic , colonic irrigation
elongated fiberoptic endoscope for examining the entire colon from cecum to rectum colonoscope
visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation colonoscopy
surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus colostomy
congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon congenital megacolon , Hirschsprung's disease
part of the large intestine that descends from the transverse colon to the sigmoid colon descending colon
inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation diverticulitis
presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon diverticulosis
herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon) diverticulum
accumulation of hardened feces in the rectum or lower colon which the person cannot move fecal impaction
endoscope (a flexible fiberoptic probe) for examining the sigmoid colon flexible sigmoidoscope , sigmoidoscope
visual examination (with a sigmoidoscope) of the lower third of the colon in a search for polyps flexible sigmoidoscopy , sigmoidoscopy
passage of stools containing blood (as from diverticulosis or colon cancer or peptic ulcer) haematochezia , hematochezia
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