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colorless solid amide of acetic acid used as a solvent and in the synthesis of organic compounds acetamide , ethanamide
ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders acetone body , ketone body
any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt acid
organic compounds that react with water to form an acid acid anhydrides , acyl anhydrides
organic compounds containing the group -COX where X is a halogen atom acid halide , acyl halide
any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation alcohol
any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids aldehyde
any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water alkali , base
organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group amino acid , aminoalkanoic acid
plastic (synthetic resin) made from amino compounds; used as an adhesive and as a coating for paper and textiles aminoplast , amino plastic , amino resin
carbonate of ammonium; used in the manufacture of smelling salts and baking powder and ammonium compounds ammonium carbonate
hydrocarbon radical that occurs in many organic compounds amyl
compound formed from one or more other compounds in a reaction resulting in removal of water anhydride
any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking antiknock
hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds aromatic compound
hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds aromatic hydrocarbon
very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar arsenic , As , atomic number 33
silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt) atomic number 11 , Na , sodium
abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds atomic number 6 , C , carbon
trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; forms compounds that are highly magnetic atomic number 66 , Dy , dysprosium
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