fats

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders acetone body , ketone body
ester of glycerol and fatty acids that occurs naturally as fats and fatty oils acylglycerol , glyceride
white crystalline peroxide used in bleaching (flour or oils or fats) and as a catalyst for free radical reactions benzoyl peroxide
digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats bile , gall
fatty acid found in animal oils and fats; has an unpleasant smell resembling goats capric acid , decanoic acid
fatty acid found in animal oils and fats or made synthetically; smells like goats caproic acid , hexanoic acid
fatty acid having a rancid taste; found in butter and other fats and oils caprylic acid
colorless nonflammable liquid used as a solvent for fats and oils; because of its toxicity its use as a cleaning fluid or fire extinguisher has declined carbon tet , carbon tetrachloride , perchloromethane , tetrachloromethane
fatty substance in bile and distributed in animal fats and tissues cholestorol
milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats chyle
coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids coenzyme A
crystalline fatty acid occurring as glycerides in natural fats and oils (especially coconut oil and palm-kernel oil) dodecanoic acid , lauric acid
metabolic process that breaks down ingested fats into fatty acids and glycerol and then into simpler compounds that can be used by cells of the body fat metabolism
any vitamin that is soluble in fats fat-soluble vitamin
yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver; can be caused by alcoholic cirrhosis or pregnancy or exposure to certain toxins fatty liver
sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils glycerin , glycerine , glycerol
hormone that regulates metabolism of carbohydrates and fats insulin
yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier lecithin
liquid polyunsaturated fatty acid abundant in plant fats and oils; a fatty acid essential for nutrition; used to make soap linoleic acid , linolic acid
enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream lipase
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