gene

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
(biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription activator
SCID resulting from mutation of a gene that codes for adenosine deaminase ADA-SCID
either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character allele , allelomorph
disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome autosomal dominant disease , autosomal dominant disorder
(genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring carrier
most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure CF , cystic fibrosis , fibrocystic disease of the pancreas , mucoviscidosis , pancreatic fibrosis
(genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes character
American geneticist who succeeded in transferring a functioning gene from one mouse to another (born in 1934) Cline , Martin Cline
general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell) cloning
sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures coding DNA , exon
hybrid produced by parents that differ only at two gene loci that have two alleles each dihybrid
gene causing feature whether paired with identical or dissimilar gene dominant gene
gene that produces the same phenotype in the organism whether or not its allele identical dominant gene
suppression of a gene by the effect of an unrelated gene epistasis , hypostasis
(genetics) the process of expressing a gene expression
conversion of the information encoded in a gene first into messenger RNA and then to a protein gene expression
mutation due to an intramolecular reorganization of a gene gene mutation , point mutation
specific gene that produces a recognizable trait and can be used in family or population studies genetic marker
state of being heterozygous; having two different alleles of the same gene heterozygosity
gene located on a Y chromosome holandric gene , Y-linked gene
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