Definition/Meaning | Word/Phrase |
---|---|

integer that divides two (or more) other integers evenly | common divisor , common factor , common measure |

quotient of two integers | common fraction , simple fraction |

integer that is a multiple of two or more other integers | common multiple |

(computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers) | counter |

one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer | divisor , factor |

product of all the integers up to and including a given integer | factorial |

largest integer that divides without remainder into a set of integers | greatest common divisor , greatest common factor , highest common factor |

square matrix of n rows and columns; the first n^2 integers are arranged in the cells of the matrix in such a way that the sum of any row or column or diagonal is the same | magic square |

integer that can be divided without remainder into the difference between two other integers | modulus |

(mathematics) a relation between a pair of integers: if both integers are odd or both are even they have the same parity; if one is odd and the other is even they have different parity | parity |

number expressed as an integer or quotient of integers | rational number |

number that is integer or quotient of integers, whole number or fraction | rational number |

(chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances that take part in a reaction or form a compound (typically a ratio of whole integers) | stoichiometry |

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