ions

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
blood disorder characterized by an increased concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which falls below 7 on the pH scale) acidemia
blood disorder characterized by a lower concentration of hydrogen ions in the blood (which rises above 7.45 on the pH scale) alkalemia
English physiologist who, with Alan Hodgkin, discovered the role of potassium and sodium ions in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1917) Andrew Fielding Huxley , Andrew Huxley , Huxley
(chemistry) theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases (which dissociate to give hydroxyl ions); the product of an acid and a base is a salt and water Arrhenius theory of dissociation , theory of dissociation , theory of electrolytic dissociation
radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding curium with carbon ions; 7 isotopes are known atomic number 102 , No , nobelium
3-dimensional geometric arrangement of the atoms or molecules or ions composing a crystal Bravais lattice , crystal lattice , space lattice
insoluble calcium salt of stearic acid and palmitic acid; it is formed when soap is mixed with water that contains calcium ions and is the scum produced in regions of hard water calcium octadecanoate , calcium stearate
thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell cell membrane , cytomembrane , plasma membrane
accelerator in which high-energy ions escape from plasma following charge exchange charge-exchange accelerator
heterocyclic compound having a metal ion attached by coordinate bonds to at least two nonmetal ions chelate , chelate compound
chemical force holding atoms, ions together chemical bond
(chemistry) the temporary or reversible process in which a molecule or ion is broken down into smaller molecules or ions dissociation
serial arrangement of metallic elements or ions according to their electrode potentials determined under specified conditions; the order shows the tendency of one metal to reduce the ions of any other metal below it in the series electrochemical series , electromotive force series , electromotive series
(chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions electrolysis
therapy that uses a local electric current to introduce the ions of a medicine into the tissues electromotive drug administration , EMDA , ionic medication , iontophoresis , iontotherapy
process of extracting one material from another by washing with a solvent to remove adsorbed material from an adsorbent (as in washing of loaded ion-exchange resins to remove captured ions); used to obtain uranium ions elution
coagulation factor that is converted to an enzyme that converts prothrombin to thrombin in a reaction that depends on calcium ions and other coagulation factors factor X , prothrombinase
yellow dye that is visible even when highly diluted; used as an absorption indicator when silver nitrate solution is added to sodium chloride in order to precipitate silver chloride (turns pink when no chloride ions are left in solution and negative fluor fluorescein , fluoresceine , fluorescent dye , resorcinolphthalein
any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions halogen
water that contains mineral salts (as calcium and magnesium ions) that limit the formation of lather with soap hard water
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