ketone

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
ketone that is an intermediate product of the breakdown of fats in the body; any of three compounds (acetoacetic acid, acetone, and/or beta-hydroxybutyric acid) found in excess in blood and urine of persons with metabolic disorders acetone body , ketone body
simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics acetone , dimethyl ketone , propanone
abnormal increase of ketone bodies in the blood as in diabetes mellitus acetonemia , ketonemia , ketosis
excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation acetonuria , ketoaciduria , ketonuria
colorless soluble flammable liquid ketone used as a solvent for resins and as a paint remover and in lacquers and cements and adhesives and cleaning fluids and celluloid butanone , methyl ethyl ketone
acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus diabetic acidosis , ketoacidosis
ketone that forms the nucleus of certain natural yellow pigments like riboflavin flavin
monosaccharide having six carbon atoms and a ketone group ketohexose
any monosaccharide sugar that contains a ketone group or its hemiacetal ketose
steroid containing a ketone group ketosteroid
acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies starvation acidosis
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