Definition/Meaning | Word/Phrase |
---|---|

mathematical element that when added to another number yields the same number | 0 , cipher , cypher , nought , zero |

mathematical system using letters to figure out the relationship of numbers | algebra |

variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x) | argument |

mathematical operation involving numbers | arithmetic operation |

coming near a mathematical average | average |

mathematical mean | average |

Swiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782) | Bernoulli , Daniel Bernoulli |

two mathematical terms joined by a plus or minus sign | binomial |

small machine that is used for mathematical calculations | calculating machine , calculator |

procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods | calculation , computation , computing |

instrument used for mathematical figuring | calculator |

number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order | cardinal , cardinal number |

United States electrical engineer who pioneered mathematical communication theory (1916-2001) | Claude E. Shannon , Claude Elwood Shannon , Claude Shannon , Shannon |

number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context | constant |

mathematical operation | conversion |

(statistics) a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value depends in the independent variable; if f(x) | dependent variable |

proof by mathematical process | derivation |

result of mathematical differentiation; the instantaneous change of one quantity relative to another; df(x)/dx | derivative , derived function , differential , differential coefficient , first derivative |

mathematical sum | differential |

mathematical process of obtaining the derivative of a function | differentiation |

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