Definition/Meaning  Word/Phrase 
Norwegian mathematician (18021829) 
Abel
,
Niels Abel
,
Niels Henrik Abel

English mathematician who conceived of the Turing machine and broke German codes during World War II (19121954) 
Alan Mathison Turing
,
Alan Turing
,
Turing

English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (18611947) 
Alfred North Whitehead
,
Whitehead

mathematician whose specialty is algebra 
algebraist

United States mathematician (born in France) (19061998) 
Andre Weil
,
Weil

Russian mathematician (18561922) 
Andrei Markov
,
Andre Markoff
,
Markoff
,
Markov

Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287212 BC) 
Archimedes

German mathematician responsible for the Mobius strip (17901868) 
August F. Mobius
,
August Ferdinand Mobius
,
Mobius

French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (17681830) 
Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
,
Fourier
,
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier

English mathematician for whom Bayes' theorem is named (17021761) 
Bayes
,
Thomas Bayes

United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (18091880) 
Benjamin Peirce
,
Peirce

French mathematician (born in Poland) noted for inventing fractals (born in 1924) 
Benoit Mandelbrot
,
Mandelbrot

Swiss mathematician (16541705) 
Bernoulli
,
Jacques Bernoulli
,
Jakob Bernoulli
,
James Bernoulli

Swiss mathematician (16671748) 
Bernoulli
,
Jean Bernoulli
,
Johann Bernoulli
,
John Bernoulli

English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (18721970) 
Bertrand Arthur William Russell
,
Bertrand Russell
,
Earl Russell
,
Russell

German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (17841846) 
Bessel
,
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel

French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (16231662) 
Blaise Pascal
,
Pascal

English mathematician; creator of Boolean algebra (18151864) 
Boole
,
George Boole

United States mathematician and astronomer noted for his works on navigation (17731838) 
Bowditch
,
Nathaniel Bowditch

French mathematician and philosopher (17431794) 
Condorcet
,
Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat
,
Marquis de Condorcet
