metabolism

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism; characterized by severe deficiency of beta-lipoproteins and abnormal red blood cells (acanthocytes) and abnormally low cholesterol levels abetalipoproteinemia
unstable acid found in abnormal amounts in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism (as diabetes mellitus or starvation) acetoacetic acid
nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP adenosine monophosphate , adenylic acid , AMP
B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch adermin , pyridoxal , pyridoxamine , pyridoxine , vitamin B6
(zoology) cessation or slowing of activity during the summer; especially slowing of metabolism in some animals during a hot or dry period aestivation , estivation
acid formed as an intermediate product of the metabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine alcapton , alkapton , homogentisic acid
beta derivative of hydroxybutyric acid that is found in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism beta-hydroxybutyric acid
inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood branched chain ketoaciduria , maple syrup urine disease
widespread xanthomas (especially on elbows and knees); often associated with a disorder of lipid metabolism cholesterosis cutis , lipid granulomatosis , lipoid granulomatosis , xanthoma multiplex , xanthomatosis
B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat choline
in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy citric acid cycle , Krebs citric acid cycle , Krebs cycle , tricarboxylic acid cycle
coenzyme present in all living cells; essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids coenzyme A
adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism Cortef , cortisol , hydrocortisone , Hydrocortone
protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism cytol , cytoplasm
hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation dysostosis multiplex , gargoylism , Hurler's disease , Hurler's syndrome , lipochondrodystrophy
rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin Gaucher's disease
amino acid occurring in proteins; important in the nitrogen metabolism of plants; used in monosodium glutamate to enhance the flavor of meats glutamic acid , glutaminic acid
crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism glutamine
painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints gout , gouty arthritis , urarthritis
granular brown substance composed of ferric oxide; left from the breakdown of hemoglobin; can be a sign of disturbed iron metabolism haemosiderin , hemosiderin
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