muscle

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
diagonally arranged abdominal muscle on either side of the torso abdominal external oblique muscle , external oblique muscle , musculus obliquus externus abdominis , oblique
ocular muscle whose contraction turns the eyeball outward abducens muscle , lateral rectus , lateral rectus muscle , rectus lateralis
small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye abducens , abducens nerve , abducent , abducent nerve , nervus abducens , sixth cranial nerve
muscle that draws a body part away from the median line abductor , abductor muscle
enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor) acromegalia , acromegaly
muscle protein actin
protein complex in muscle fibers; composed of myosin and actin; shortens when stimulated and causes muscle contractions actomyosin
muscle that draws a body part toward the median line adductor , adductor muscle
nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP adenosine monophosphate , adenylic acid , AMP
nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions adenosine triphosphate , ATP
muscle that contracts while another relaxes agonist
tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from mouth to anus; functions in digestion and elimination alimentary canal , alimentary tract , digestive tract , digestive tube , gastrointestinal tract , GI tract
thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs ALS , amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Lou Gehrig's disease
progressive wasting of muscle tissues amyotrophia , amyotrophy
any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their stren anabolic steroid
sphincter muscle of the anus anal sphincter , musculus sphincter ani , sphincter ani
ring of muscle that contracts to close an opening anatomical sphincter , sphincter , sphincter muscle
muscle that extends the forearm and abducts the ulna in pronation of the wrist anconeous muscle , musculus anconeus
muscle that relaxes while another contracts antagonist
(physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of another antagonistic muscle
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