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small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye abducens , abducens nerve , abducent , abducent nerve , nervus abducens , sixth cranial nerve
arises from two sets of roots (cranial and spinal) that unite to form the nerve accessory nerve , eleventh cranial nerve , nervus accessorius , spinal accessory
neurotransmitter that is a derivative of choline; released at the ends of nerve fibers in the somatic and parasympathetic nervous systems acetylcholine
composite sensory nerve supplying the hair cells of the vestibular organ and the hair cells of the cochlea acoustic nerve , auditory nerve , eighth cranial nerve , nervus vestibulocochlearis , vestibulocochlear nerve
local voltage change across the cell wall as a nerve impulse is transmitted action potential
acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord acute anterior poliomyelitis , infantile paralysis , polio , poliomyelitis
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules ADH , antidiuretic hormone , Pitressin , vasopressin
catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action Adrenalin , adrenaline , epinephrin , epinephrine
nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system afferent , afferent nerve , sensory nerve
English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914) Alan Hodgkin , Hodgkin , Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
(neurophysiology) a nerve impulse resulting from a weak stimulus is just as strong as a nerve impulse resulting from a strong stimulus all-or-none law
receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and c alpha-adrenergic receptor , alpha-adrenoceptor , alpha receptor
partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain amaurosis
English physiologist who, with Alan Hodgkin, discovered the role of potassium and sodium ions in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1917) Andrew Fielding Huxley , Andrew Huxley , Huxley
absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages) anosmia
part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve area , region
absence of a reflex; a sign of possible nerve damage areflexia
branch of the ophthalmic artery; enters the eyeball with the optic nerve arteria centralis retinae , central artery of the retina
poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides atropine
part of the brain (in a fold of the cerebral cortex of the temporal lobe on both sides of the brain) that receives impulses from the ear by way of the auditory nerve auditory center
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