Definition/Meaning | Word/Phrase |
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branch of astronomy concerned with the application of Newton's laws of motion to the motions of heavenly bodies | celestial mechanics |

branch of mechanics based on Newton's laws of motion | classical mechanics , Newtonian mechanics |

(physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation | constant of gravitation , G , gravitational constant , universal gravitational constant |

(physics) a force due to the earth's rotation; acts on a body in motion (airplane or projectile) in a rotating reference frame; in a rotating frame of reference Newton's second law of motion can be made to apply if in addition to the real forces acting on | Coriolis force |

English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742) | Edmond Halley , Edmund Halley , Halley |

German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716) | Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz , Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz , Leibnitz , Leibniz |

coordinate system in which Newton's first law of motion is valid | inertial frame , inertial reference frame |

follower of Isaac Newton | Newtonian |

unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter | Pa , pascal |

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