philosophy

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
(philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful aesthetic , esthetic
(art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art) aesthetics , esthetics
philosophy fields aesthetics , logic
scientific philosophy, medieval alchemy
gold, medieval chemical philosophy that metals could be turned into alchemy
(philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science Aristotelianism
English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003) Bernanrd Arthur Owen Williams , Sir Bernanrd Williams , Williams
Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600) Bruno , Giordano Bruno
rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy canon
moral philosophy based on the application of general ethical principles to resolve moral dilemmas casuistry
political philosophy of avoiding the extremes of left and right by taking a moderate position or course of action centrism , moderatism
circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things; in traditional Chinese medicine the balance of negative and positive forms in the body is believed to be essential for good health ch'i , chi , ki , qi
field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind cognitive science
Auguste Comte's positivistic philosophy that metaphysics and theology should be replaced by a hierarchy of sciences from mathematics at the base to sociology at the top Comtism
philosophy based on the teachings of Confucius Confucianism
Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776) David Hume , Hume
philosophy and ethics, concerning deontological
academic department responsible for teaching philosophy department of philosophy , philosophy department
(philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will determinism
cause is independent of human will, philosophy that determinism
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