phonology

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments descriptive linguistics
English linguist who contributed to linguistic semantics and to prosodic phonology and who was noted for his insistence on studying both sound and meaning in context (1890-1960) Firth , J. R. Firth , John Rupert Firth
United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896-1982) Jakobson , Roman Jakobson , Roman Osipovich Jakobson
changing the pronunciation of a borrowed word to agree with the borrowers' phonology naturalisation , naturalization
term formerly used for the part of phonology that dealt with the `correct' pronunciation of words and its relation to `correct' orthography orthoepy
specialist in phonology phonologist
account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics prescriptive linguistics
(phonology) the loss of sounds in the interior of a word (as in `fo'c'sle' for `forecastle') syncopation , syncope
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