pituitary

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor) acromegalia , acromegaly
hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex ACTH , adrenocorticotrophic hormone , adrenocorticotrophin , adrenocorticotropic hormone , adrenocorticotropin , corticotrophin , corticotropin
anterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature adenohypophysis , anterior pituitary , anterior pituitary gland
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules ADH , antidiuretic hormone , Pitressin , vasopressin
endorphin produced by the pituitary gland that suppresses pain beta endorphin
United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939) Cushing , Harvery Williams Cushing , Harvey Cushing
rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst diabetes insipidus
United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971) Evans , Herbert McLean Evans
gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary and stimulates growth of Graafian follicles in female mammals, and activates the cells in male mammals that form sperm follicle-stimulating hormone , FSH
releasing factor that accelerates the secretion of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary body GHRF , growth hormone-releasing factor
excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland giantism , gigantism , overgrowth
hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta; stimulates the gonads and controls reproductive activity gonadotrophic hormone , gonadotrophin , gonadotropic hormone , gonadotropin
hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland; promotes growth in humans growth hormone , human growth hormone , somatotrophic hormone , somatotrophin , somatotropic hormone , somatotropin , STH
excessive activity of the pituitary gland (especially overactivity of the anterior lobe which leads to excess secretion of growth hormone) hyperpituitarism
funnel-shaped stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus hypophyseal stalk
surgical removal of the pituitary gland hypophysectomy
pituitary gland hypophysis
any of several hormones produced in the hypothalamus and carried by a vein to the anterior pituitary gland where they stimulate the release of anterior pituitary hormones; each of these hormones causes the anterior pituitary to secrete a specific hormone hypothalamic releasing factor , hypothalamic releasing hormone , releasing factor , releasing hormone , RH
gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals ICSH , interstitial cell-stimulating hormone , LH , luteinizing hormone
gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition lactogenic hormone , luteotropin , prolactin
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