pope

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1-20 of 20 possibilities

Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939) Achille Ratti , Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti , Pius XI
Italian pope from 1458 to 1464 who is remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464) Aeneas Silvius , Enea Silvio Piccolomini , Pius II
first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978) Albino Luciano , John Paul I
Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468-1549) Alessandro Farnese , Paul III
Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503) Alexander VI , Borgia , Pope Alexander VI , Rodrigo Borgia
Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458) Alfonso Borgia , Borgia , Calixtus III
Italian pope from 1406 to 1415 who worked to end the Great Schism and who retired to make it possible (1327-1417) Angelo Correr , Gregory , Gregory XII
Italian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963) Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli , John XXIII
someone who is elected pope in opposition to another person who is held to be canonically elected antipope
Italian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I (1504-1572) Antonio Ghislieri , Pius V
Italian pope from 1691 to 1700 who abolished nepotism within the church hierarchy and was universally loved for his charity and piety Antonio Pignatelli , Innocent XII
pope, formal meeting with audience
monastic order of friars established in 1256 by the Pope Augustinian Hermits
Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope; drowned leading the Third Crusade (1123-1190) Barbarossa , Frederick Barbarossa , Frederick I
Italian pope from 1800 to 1823 who was humiliated by Napoleon and taken prisoner in 1809; he concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France; he returned to Rome in 1814 (1740-1823) Barnaba Chiaramonti , Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti , Pius VII
Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846) Bartolomeo Alberto Capillari , Gregory , Gregory XVI
Italian pope from 1378 to 1389 whose contested election began the Great Schism; he alienated his political allies by his ruthless treatment of his opponents (1318-1389) Bartolomeo Prignano , Urban VI
Turkish sea power was destroyed in 1571 by a league of Christian nations organized by the Pope Battle of Lepanto , Lepanto
(Roman Catholic Church) an act of the Pope who declares that a deceased person lived a holy life and is worthy of public veneration; a first step toward canonization beatification
pope who declared that Catholic princes are subject to the pope in temporal as well as in theological matters (1235-1303) Benedetto Caetani , Boniface VIII
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