protein

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directio acceptor RNA , soluble RNA , transfer RNA , tRNA
muscle protein actin
(biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription activator
transport of a substance (as a protein or drug) across a cell membrane against the concentration gradient; requires an expenditure of energy active transport
protein complex in muscle fibers; composed of myosin and actin; shortens when stimulated and causes muscle contractions actomyosin
simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids albumen , albumin
white, protein in egg albumen , albumin
protein of egg white, blood serum, milk etc. albumin
simple protein found in horny and cartilaginous tissues and in the lens of the eye albuminoid , scleroprotein
presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder albuminuria , proteinuria
granular protein in outermost layer of endosperm of many seeds or cereal grains aleurone
lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis alpha-lipoprotein , HDL , high-density lipoprotein
acid in protein amino
protein, organic compound linking to peptide bonds to form amino acid
(pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue amyloid
plaque consisting of tangles of amyloid protein in nervous tissue (a pathological mark of Alzheimer's disease) amyloid plaque , amyloid protein plaque
hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance anaphylaxis
protein gelatin obtained by boiling e.g. skins and hoofs of cattle and horses animal glue
infection-fighting protein antibody
germs, protein substance produced to destroy or weaken antibody
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