Definition/Meaning | Word/Phrase |
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number of observations in a given statistical category | absolute frequency , frequency |

statistical procedure for accepting or rejecting a batch of merchandise or documents; involves determining the maximum number of defects discovered in a sample before the entire batch is rejected | acceptance sampling |

table of statistical data | actuarial table , statistical table |

statistical method for making simultaneous comparisons between two or more means; a statistical method that yields values that can be tested to determine whether a significant relation exists between variables | analysis of variance , ANOVA |

branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis | biometrics , biometry , biostatistics |

Indian physicist who with Albert Einstein proposed statistical laws based on the indistinguishability of particles; led to the description of fundamental particles that later came to be known as bosons | Bose , Satyendra N. Bose , Satyendra Nath Bose |

(physics) statistical law obeyed by a system of particles whose wave function is not changed when two particles are interchanged (the Pauli exclusion principle does not apply) | Bose-Einstein statistics |

statistical compilation that provides a context for economic or financial conditions | business index |

study of history using economic models and statistical methods | cliometrics |

statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other | correlation , correlational statistics |

use of statistical correlation to evaluate the strength of the relations between variables | correlational analysis |

data processing using sophisticated data search capabilities and statistical algorithms to discover patterns and correlations in large preexisting databases; a way to discover new meaning in data | data mining |

statistical factor designed to remove the effect of inflation; inflation adjusted variables are in constant dollars | deflator |

statistical difference between one number in set and mean of the set | deviation |

(chemistry) the total energy in an assembly of molecules is not distributed equally but is distributed around an average value according to a statistical distribution | distribution law |

economist who uses statistical and mathematical methods | econometrician , econometrist |

statistical distribution's set of intervals | frequency distribution , ogive |

ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations | frequency , relative frequency |

(computer science) a statistical theory dealing with the limits and efficiency of information processing | information theory |

statistical technique used in glottochronology; used to estimate how long ago different languages evolved from a common source language | lexicostatistics |

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