sugars

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
species of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria that produce gas and acid from sugars and are sometimes involved in the souring of milk Aerobacter aerogenes
starches, sugars, celluloses, gums carbohydrate
essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain carbohydrate , saccharide , sugar
German chemist noted for work on synthetic sugars and the purines (1852-1919) Emil Hermann Fischer , Fischer
sweet crystalline aldehyde formed by the breakdown of sugars glyceraldehyde , glyceric aldehyde
metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP glycolysis
crystalline carboxylic acid; occurs in some fermentations of sugars itaconic acid
sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates monosaccharide , monosaccharose , simple sugar
watery solution of sugars, salts, and minerals that circulates through the vascular system of a plant sap
brew made by fermenting molasses and other sugars with the sap of spruce trees (sometimes with malt) spruce beer
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