syndrome

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis apyretic tetanus , intermittent cramp , intermittent tetanus , tetanilla , tetany
sudden Infant Death Syndrome crib death
United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939) Cushing , Harvery Williams Cushing , Harvey Cushing
English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896) Down , John L. H. Down
vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthus; normal for Mongolian peoples; sometimes occurs in Down's syndrome epicanthic fold , epicanthus
tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome Haldol , haloperidol
German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881-1969) Hans Conrad Julius Reiter , Reiter
United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912) Harry F. Klinefelter , Harry Fitch Kleinfelter , Klinefelter
virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells HIV , human immunodeficiency virus
rare but serious syndrome of childhood characterized by withdrawal and lack of social responsiveness or interest in others and serious linguistic deficits infantile autism
skin disease characterized by a scaly rash on the palms and soles; associated with Reiter's syndrome keratoderma blennorrhagica , keratosis blennorrhagica
syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male Klinefelter's syndrome , Klinefelter syndrome , XXY-syndrome
congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome macroglossia
person suffering from Down syndrome (no longer used technically in this sense) mongoloid
syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found Munchausen's syndrome , Munchausen syndrome
syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases nephrosis , nephrotic syndrome
syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility Noonan's syndrome
irregular breathing of newborns; periods of rapid breathing followed by apnea; believed to be associated with sudden infant death syndrome periodic apnea of the newborn
syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated phantom limb syndrome
syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation PMS , premenstrual syndrome
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