thyroid

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Definition/MeaningWord/Phrase
thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone calcitonin , thyrocalcitonin
thyroid gland enlargement goiter
abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet goiter , goitre , struma , thyromegaly
autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women Hashimoto's disease
concerning excessive functioning of the thyroid hyperthyroid
overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones hyperthyroidism , thyrotoxicosis
underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones hypothyroidism
any of several veins on each side that drain the thyroid gland and empty into the innominate vein inferior thyroid vein
light radioactive isotope of iodine with a half-life of 60 days; used as a tracer in thyroid studies and as a treatment for hyperthyroidism iodine-125
heavy radioactive isotope of iodine with a half-life of 8 days; used in a sodium salt to diagnose thyroid disease and to treat goiter iodine-131
thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer liothyronine , T , triiodothyronine
vein on each side that drains the lateral part of the thyroid and empties into the internal jugular vein middle thyroid vein
any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland parathyroid , parathyroid gland
hormone released by the hypothalamus that controls the release of thyroid-stimulating hormone from the anterior pituitary protirelin , thyrotropin-releasing factor , thyrotropin-releasing hormone , TRF , TRH
test of thyroid function in which the patient is give an oral does of radioactive iodine-131 radioactive iodine test
radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the thyroid gland radioactive iodine uptake test , RAIU
vein on each side that drains the upper part of the thyroid and empties into the internal jugular vein superior thyroid vein
hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells T , tetraiodothyronine , thyroxin , thyroxine
depresses the function of the thyroid gland thiouracil
iodine containing protein that is obtained from the thyroid gland and exhibits the general properties of the globulins thyroglobulin
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