Science Dictionary
synchrotron  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (sĭng'krə-trŏn')  Pronunciation Key 
A type of particle accelerator that accelerates charged subatomic particles (generally protons) in a circular path. Unlike cyclotrons and synchrocyclotrons, in which particles follow a spiral path, synchrotrons consist of a single ring-shaped tube through which the particles loop numerous times, guided by precisely synchronized magnetic fields and accelerated at various points in the loop by electric field bursts. Synchrotrons are currently the most powerful particle accelerators, and the study of high-energy collisions driven by synchrotrons has lead to the discovery of many subatomic particles. See also cyclotron, synchrocyclotron. See Note at particle accelerator.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Previous Definition: synchronous-rotation
Next Definition: synchrotron radiation
Words Near: synchrotron
More from
Synonyms and Antonyms for synchrotron
More from
Search for articles containing synchrotron
More from Translator Word FAQs presents 366 FAQs, incorporating some of the frequently asked questions from the past with newer queries.

Copyright © 2015, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature