|1.||a reddish fluid in vertebrates that is pumped by the heart through the arteries and veins, supplies tissues with nutrients, oxygen, etc, and removes waste products. It consists of a fluid (see blood plasma) containing cells (erythrocytes, leucocytes, and platelets)Related: haemal, haematic, sanguineous|
|2.||a similar fluid in such invertebrates as annelids and arthropods|
|3.||bloodshed, esp when resulting in murder|
|4.||the guilt or responsibility for killing or injuring (esp in the phrase to have blood on one's handsorhead)|
|5.||life itself; lifeblood|
|6.||relationship through being of the same family, race, or kind; kinship|
|7.||informal blood, sweat and tears hard work and concentrated effort|
|8.||flesh and blood|
|a. near kindred or kinship, esp that between a parent and child|
|b. human nature (esp in the phrase it's more than flesh and blood can stand)|
|9.||ethnic or national descent: of Spanish blood|
|10.||in one's blood as a natural or inherited characteristic or talent|
|11.||the blood royal or noble descent: a prince of the blood|
|12.||temperament; disposition; temper|
|13.||a. good or pure breeding; pedigree|
|b. (as modifier): blood horses|
|14.||people viewed as members of a group, esp as an invigorating force (in the phrases new blood, young blood)|
|15.||rare chiefly (Brit) a dashing young man; dandy; rake|
|16.||the sensual or carnal nature of man|
|17.||obsolete See humour one of the four bodily humours|
|18.||bad blood hatred; ill feeling|
|19.||blood is thicker than water family duties and loyalty outweigh other ties|
|20.||have one's blood up, get one's blood up to be or cause to be angry or inflamed|
|21.||in cold blood showing no passion; deliberately; ruthlessly|
|22.||make one's blood boil to cause to be angry or indignant|
|23.||make one's blood run cold to fill with horror|
|24.||hunting to cause (young hounds) to taste the blood of a freshly killed quarry and so become keen to hunt|
|25.||hunting to smear the cheeks or forehead of (a person) with the blood of the kill as an initiation in hunting|
|26.||to initiate (a person) to an activity or organization, esp by real-life experience|
|Related: haemal, haematic, sanguineous|
|[Old English blōd; related to Old Norse blōth, Old High German bluot]|
The fluid consisting of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that is circulated by the heart through the arteries and veins, carrying oxygen and nutrients to and waste materials away from all body tissues.
One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, identified with the blood found in the blood vessels, and believed to cause cheerfulness.
descent from a common ancestor; parental lineage.
|blood (blŭd) Pronunciation Key
The fluid circulating through the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries of the circulatory system. Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body and removes waste materials and carbon dioxide. It is composed of plasma (mainly water, but with a mixture of hormones, nutrients, gases, antibodies, and wastes), red blood cells (which carry oxygen), white blood cells (which help combat infection), and platelets (which help the blood clot).
(1.) As food, prohibited in Gen. 9:4, where the use of animal food is first allowed. Comp. Deut. 12:23; Lev. 3:17; 7:26; 17:10-14. The injunction to abstain from blood is renewed in the decree of the council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:29). It has been held by some, and we think correctly, that this law of prohibition was only ceremonial and temporary; while others regard it as still binding on all. Blood was eaten by the Israelites after the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam. 14:32-34). (2.) The blood of sacrifices was caught by the priest in a basin, and then sprinkled seven times on the altar; that of the passover on the doorposts and lintels of the houses (Ex. 12; Lev. 4:5-7; 16:14-19). At the giving of the law (Ex. 24:8) the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled on the people as well as on the altar, and thus the people were consecrated to God, or entered into covenant with him, hence the blood of the covenant (Matt. 26:28; Heb. 9:19, 20; 10:29; 13:20). (3.) Human blood. The murderer was to be punished (Gen. 9:5). The blood of the murdered "crieth for vengeance" (Gen. 4:10). The "avenger of blood" was the nearest relative of the murdered, and he was required to avenge his death (Num. 35:24, 27). No satisfaction could be made for the guilt of murder (Num. 35:31). (4.) Blood used metaphorically to denote race (Acts 17:26), and as a symbol of slaughter (Isa. 34:3). To "wash the feet in blood" means to gain a great victory (Ps. 58:10). Wine, from its red colour, is called "the blood of the grape" (Gen. 49:11). Blood and water issued from our Saviour's side when it was pierced by the Roman soldier (John 19:34). This has led pathologists to the conclusion that the proper cause of Christ's death was rupture of the heart. (Comp. Ps. 69:20.)
In addition to the idiom beginning with blood, also see bad blood; draw blood; flesh and blood; in cold blood; in one's blood; make one's blood boil; make one's blood run cold; new blood; out for (blood); run in the blood (family); scream bloody murder; shed blood; sporting blood; sweat blood. Also see under bleed.