1 [chap]
verb (used with object), chapped, chapping.
to crack, roughen, and redden (the skin): The windy, cold weather chapped her lips.
to cause (the ground, wood, etc.) to split, crack, or open in clefts: The summer heat and drought chapped the riverbank.
verb (used without object), chapped, chapping.
to become chapped.
a fissure or crack, especially in the skin.
Scot. a knock; rap.

1275–1325; Middle English chappen; cognate with Dutch kappen to cut; akin to chip1

unchapped, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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World English Dictionary
chap1 (tʃæp)
vb , chaps, chapping, chapped
1.  (of the skin) to make or become raw and cracked, esp by exposure to cold
2.  (Scot) (of a clock) to strike (the hour)
3.  (Scot) to knock (at a door, window, etc)
4.  (usually plural) a cracked or sore patch on the skin caused by chapping
5.  (Scot) a knock
[C14: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch, German kappen to chop off]

chap2 (tʃæp)
informal a man or boy; fellow
[C16 (in the sense: buyer): shortened from chapman]

chap3 (tʃɒp, tʃæp)
a less common word for chop

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1577, "customer," short for obsolete chapman (see cheap). Colloquial sense of "lad, fellow" is first attested 1716 (cf. slang tough customer).

"to crack," early 15c., chappen, variant of choppen (see chop). The noun meaning "fissure in the skin" is from late 14c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

chapped (chāpt)
Having or relating to skin that is dry, scaly, and fissured, owing to excessive evaporation of moisture from the skin surface.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
Community Health Accreditation Program
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Another is her hands, weathered and chapped from exposure to the elements in the prisons where she was held.
Wear a band-aid or otherwise cover a cut, scratch, or any other break in the skin such as rashes and chapped hands.
T o o much wind and sun make the skin dry and chapped.
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